Because of its importance to career scientists, scientists have plenty of opinions about peer review. However, peer review is not often taken as an object of scientific study. My goal in this post, then, is to conduct a short review peer review. I will structure my discussion around the following three questions, after which I will give some concluding thoughts:
- What are the goals of peer review?
- What are the costs of peer review? Who bears these costs?
- What are benefits of peer review? Who reaps these benefits?